Here is a collection of terms that New York State uses to refer to various services and assessments for English Language Learners:
Co-Teaching Models: Co-teaching is two or more teachers sharing responsibility for teaching some or all of the students assigned to the classroom. It involves the distribution of responsibility among teachers for planning, organization, delivery, and assessment of instruction, as well as the physical space.
English as a New Language (ENL) Instructional Time: The minimum amount of time an ELL is required to receive instruction in an ENL Program, in Integrated ENL and /or Stand-alone ENL classes.
English as a New Language (ENL) Program: A research-based English language development program comprised of two components:
- Integrated ENL: Students receive core content area and English language development instruction including home language supports and appropriate ELL scaffolds
- Stand-alone ENL: Students receive English language development instruction taught by a NYS certified ESOL teacher in order to acquire the English language needed for success in core content areas.
This program is formerly known as English as a Second Language (ESL).
English Language Learner (ELL): A student who speaks or understands a language other than English and who scores below a State designated level of proficiency on the NYSITELL or the NYSESLAT.
English Proficiency Level: A student’s performance on the NYSITELL or the NYSESLAT indicates the student’s level of English language proficiency. Those levels are: Entering, Emerging, Transitioning, Expanding, or Commanding.
Former ELL: A student who has exited ELL status and is entitled to receive at least two years of Former ELL services and two years of testing accommodations on NYS Assessments.
Former ELL Services: Students must continue to receive at least .5 units of study or its equivalent of integrated ENL or other such services that monitor and support their language development and academic progress for two years once they have exited from ELL status.
Home Language: A language as determined by the HLQ.
Home Language Questionnaire (HLQ): A diagnostic screening instrument used to determine which students are possibly ELLs.
Integrated English as a New Language (ENL): Students receive core content area and English language development instruction which includes home language supports and appropriate ELL scaffolds. Integrated ENL instruction must be carried out either by a co-teaching approach with a NYS certified ESOL teacher who teaches with the content area teacher, or by an ESOL certified teacher who is dually certified in another content area being taught. In this context, integrated refers to the content.
New York State English as a Second Language Achievement Test (NYSESLAT): An assessment designed to annually measure the English language proficiency of all ELLs enrolled in grades K-12. It is one component of the State’s compliance with Federal laws that mandate annually assessing and monitoring the English Language proficiency progress of all ELLs.
New York State Identification Test for English Language Learners (NYSITELL): An assessment that is administered once during the ELL Identification/Reentry process. It is designed to determine if a student is an ELL after the student’s enrollment in the NYS public school system, as well as his or her instructional requirements in a BE or ENL program.
Stand-alone ENL: Students receive English language development instruction taught by a NYS certified ESOL teacher or a certified bilingual teacher in a bilingual education program in order to acquire the English language needed for success in core content areas.
Students with Inconsistent/Interrupted Formal Education (SIFE): ELLs who have attended schools in the U.S. for less than twelve months and who, upon initial enrollment in schools, are two or more years below grade level in literacy in their home language and/or two or more years below grade level in math due to inconsistent or interrupted schooling prior to arrival in the U.S.
Units of Study: Required number of minutes of instruction per week throughout the school year or the equivalent. One unit of study as per CR Part 100.1(a) means at least 180 minutes of instruction per week throughout the school year, or the equivalent.